Are we in a National extinction crisis?
Australia is one of the world’s most important countries for biodiversity. In fact, according to the Australian Wildlife Conservancy ‘Australia is one of only 17 “megadiverse” nations and is home to more species than any other developed country’.
Did you know that approximately 87% of Australia’s mammal species, 93% of reptiles, 94% of frogs and 45% of bird species are found only in Australia? This is an amazing fact and means that if Australia loses an animal it is most likely that this is a world-wide loss! We have to make serious conservation efforts.
Currently, there are 451 critically endangered, endangered and vulnerable fauna within Australia. This number, due to global warming, pollution, loss of habitat and many other factors is only expected to rise. In the last 200 years Australia has recorded the world’s highest rate of mammalian extinction, with over 50 species becoming extinct in the period. This was along with over 60 species of flora.
A recent example of Australia losing an animal is the official government listing of the Bramble Cay Melomy's as being extinct on the 22 of February this year. This is one of the first known animals to be lost due to ‘human induced climate change’. It is thought to have become extinct due to rising sea levels that are said to have wiped out its habitat.
It is not too late for other endangered Australian species, however. Any contribution can help, whether it be money, time, personal action, business action or a mixture of all. Supporting an animal through a conservation project or sanctuary is a great start and the first steps to positive change in ensuring the protection and the conservation of Australia’s stunning and diverse flora and fauna.